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All About Oud Instrument
A musical instrument with a large belly, a brief and curved handle, a beam and a plectrum. Its curved back is made of 19 or 21 boards in the form of a circle. The body is hollow. In the midst of the front section called the chest, there are small cavities on the sides called "roses".
Oud instrument (written as "ud" in Turkish) is the ancestor of the European lute, name of which derives from "al-ud". It isn't a native Turkish instrument but it has been performed in Anatolia for at the least 5 centuries. Besides, in the history, the oud has been performed by a number of civilizations in Central Asia, Mesopotamia, Iran, Arabia. Accordingly, there are several types of ouds besides Turkish oud. The oud instrument occupies an amazing place in Turkish Artwork Music, Turkish city music (in fasil orchestras) and in arabesk music. Oud has been known from the documents and oral tradition because the king, sultan or emir of musical instruments.
History of Oud
In some sources, it is said that Farabi invented the oud, but lengthy earlier than Farabi, there are oud and similar devices in miniatures and reliefs. The principle reason why Farabi is perceived as an inventor is that he's a musician who has mastered the oud and the tuning system he delivered to the oud. Farabi, who was a kind of who gave the most complete information about the oud in his period, added the 5th string to the oud, which was a four-string instrument until that time. Concerning the oud, Ibn Sina (980/1037) from Farabi says in his book Kitabu'ş Şifa that it is among the most well-known instruments. Tells technical information such as chords and pitches with figures. While musical devices had been mentioned within the Ikhwan-i Safa tracts in the tenth century, it was said that probably the most stunning of those was the oud.
The frets on the handle of the oud, preserved within the Farabi period, had been deserted towards the end of the tenth century. The oud was beforehand performed with a wooden plectrum. The famous Andalusian musician Ziryab (eleventh century) replaced it with a plectrum made of eagle feather. At present, plectrums made of versatile plastic are typically used.
The oud instrument made its way to Europe via Spain. Within the thirteenth century, the crusaders introduced it back to Europe, and in time, it became the lute. That’s why lute takes its name after the oud (‘le ut’ in old French), but it’s been added totally different options from oud, like frets.
The oud, also which turned the center of attention within the Ottoman palace in the fifteenth century, gained an irreplaceable value that the public began to use in classical Turkish music in the nineteenth century.
Oud instrument has a big soundbox connected to a brief neck. The instrument has a pear-shaped body which is a deep, striped bowl made from lightweight wood. The wood must be light because the bowl is meant to reverberate when it is struck. The soundboard, the front part of the body, contains one or , sometimes three sound holes. These sound holes could also be oval or they are often ornamented relying on the lands they are played on. There's a piece of fish-skin or leather between the bridge and the sound hole in an effort to protect the belly from the strokes of the plectrum. The bowl of the oud is formed by thin woods or ribs bent over a mold. The number of the ribs varies from sixteen to 21. The tuning pegs of the oud are screwed to the pegbox.
The quality of the fabric used within the making of the oudis important. The more the fabric is various, the better it sounds. A high-quality oud’s face is made from spruce. The tuning pegs and fingerboard are constructed from ebony. Maple, walnut, palisander and mahogany are used for the bowl.
The oud does not have any customary dimension or number of strings. Yet basically, all of the types of ouds have 11 intestine strings that are organized in 5 double-courses with a sixth, single bass string. Oud is played with a plectrum. Its fretless neck permits the instrument to generate any intervals or microtones particular to the Center Eastern music. Oud instrument is suitable for you to enjoy Turkish, Iran or Arab music by enjoying makams/maqamat.
Oudis performed according to two schools of performance. The primary is "Ottoman" school and it accepts as principle the ornamentation of the sound, produced by delicate glissandos or the fingers and slight vibratos. The second approach is Egyptian approach, according to which the volume is amplified by firm strokes of the plectrum, which makes strings resonate. This model requires one other kind of virtuosity.
There are essentially six types of oud when they are considered according to their origin. These types of oud largely differ in their timbre and there are small size differences between them.
Arabic oud is essentially the most known oud instrument type and perhaps the most well-liked because of its romantic, rich and deep sound. It's heavier and slightly bigger evaluating to Turkish ouds. Turkish ouds are employed in Turkey and Greece. They've a more treble sound. Syrian oud, which is a sub-type of Arabic oud generates lots of overtones. Iraqi ouds may be categorised under Arabic ouds. Its strings are tied to the bottom of the instrument. Because of this characteristic, it is said that it has a floating bridge. Iranian oud, which can also be called Barbat is more distinct and as a result of its form, it has a bass, deep, Persian sound.
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